Social context and intention

The second category of VERA-2R indicators is relevant to the social context and the intention of the individual to take action.

The literature supports the notion that social context impacts the process of radicalization to violence and an individual’s intention to plan and carry out an act of violence.

Having the intention to commit acts of ideologically based violence is an essential element in assessing the risk posed by individuals. The belief in an ideology without the simultaneous intention to use unlawful violence to achieve the desired goals reduces risk. This domain details on someone’s contacts with violent extremists, the willingness and intention to plan or take specific violent extremist action and the availability and development of violent extremist materials. All may fuel someone’s ability and commitment to engage in violent extremism.