Methodology

The assessment of the VERA-2R is based on the structured professional judgement (SPJ) method for risk assessment.

SPJ is the approach that combines a defined set of risk factors using an evidence base and pre-established rating system with an assessors’ professional judgment. SPJ is the most appropriate methodology for violent extremist risk assessment. It does not lead to a numerical result of the ratings, and thus no result is available in the form of a sum. The assessor identifies a risk level by evaluating all indicators from an established rating system. The professional judgment is used to interpret the evaluation of the risks.

The assessment of indicators for the risk domains ‘Beliefs, Attitudes and Ideology’, ‘Social Context and Intention’, ‘Historical Factors, Action and Capability’ and ‘Commitment and Motivation’ is conducted as follows:

  • an indicator is rated as ‘low’ if the indicator characteristics are objectively not present
  • an indicator is rated as ‘moderate’ if the indicator characteristics are present to a specified level
  • an indicator is rated as ‘high’ if the indicator characteristics are clearly present or present to a high level